Use & Storage
Carbon Capture Use & Storage
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a proven, safe and reliable technology which the IPCC, IEA and European Commission consider key in most below-2°C scenarios.
It is used to capture the CO 2 emitted by power or industrial plants, to then reutilise it or store it in deep underground rock formations typically below 1000 meters.
CCS involves three different processes:
Capture: Isolating the CO2 produced by industrial processes or power generation before its emitted to the atmosphere.
Transportation: Moving the captured CO2 by pipeline or ship to a secure storage site.
Storage: Injecting the CO2 into carefully selected and managed naturally-formed underground
Carbon Capture, Use, and Storage (CCUS) includes also the utilisation of the CO2, putting Circular Economy principles into practice.
CCS technology can be applied to decarbonise natural gas:
- Pre-combustion: producing clean hydrogen by reforming natural gas and storing the CO2
- Post-combustion: by capturing and storing the CO2 emitted by gas processing or power plants
CCS can also enable negative emissions when combined with bioenergy (biomass or biogas
It is a cost-effective and key technology to safeguard existing industrial activity, jobs and growth while decarbonising economic activity to meet the EU climate objectives.