Hydrogen is an energy carrier which can help decarbonize the gas system and connected sectors such as power generation, transport, heating, and energy-intensive industry.
In discussions around the European Green Deal, it has often been described as the “missing link” which can help reach climate neutrality thanks to its versatility.
Nearly ¾ of hydrogen produced in the world today comes from the “reforming” of natural gas. Most of it is classified as “grey” hydrogen meaning that it emits CO 2 in the reforming process that is not captured.
However, if the reforming process is combined with Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) technology, the CO2 is stored, making the hydrogen almost carbon-free. This is called “blue” hydrogen.
Hydrogen from natural gas with carbon management technologies such as CCS and pyrolysis has the potential to develop a commercial market for low-carbon hydrogen.
Deploying blue hydrogen at scale and making use of the existing hydrogen infrastructure can help create a European market for clean hydrogen, therefore facilitating the cost-effective integration of “green” hydrogen – produced from electrolysis of renewable energy – into the grid.